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比意大利跑車更好玩的意大利麵種類們

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比意大利跑車更好玩的意大利麵種類們

Postby admin » Mon Jun 01, 2015 3:08 pm

http://garrubbo.com/pasta/
http://www.thegutsygourmet.net/pasta_shapes.html
Shapes of Pasta

The following table maps out the various shapes and forms of pasta:

Unique Shapes
Name Description Translation
Campanelle Flattened bell-shaped pasta with a frilly edge on one end Little bells
Capunti Short convex ovals resembling an open empty pea pod
Casarecce Short lengths rolled into an S shape From casereccio meaning homemade
Cavatelli Short, solid lengths From the verb cavare meaning to hollow
Cencioni Petal shaped, slightly curved with rough convex side Little rags
Conchiglie Seashell shaped Shells
Conchiglioni Large, stuffable seashell-shaped Large shells
Corzetti Flat figure-eight stamped
Creste di Galli Short, curved and ruffled Cocks’ combs
Croxetti Flat coin-shaped discs stamped with coats of arms Little crosses
Fantolioni Panda-shaped bow-ties commonly served with boiled olives Pre-packaged pandas
Farfalle Bow tie or butterfly shaped Butterflies
Farfallone Larger bowties Large butterfly
Fiorentine Grooved cut tubes Florentine
Fiori Shaped like a flower Little flowers
Foglie d’ulivo Shaped like an olive leaf Olive leaf
Fusilli Three-edged spiral, usually in mixed colors. Many vendors and brands sold as fusilli are two-edged From fusile, archaic/dialect form of fucile, meaning rifle. As the inside barrel of a gun is “rifled” using a similar screw-shaped device
Fusilli Bucati A spring-shaped variety of the above Holed rifles
Gemelli A single S-shaped strand of pasta twisted in a loose spiral Twins
Gigli Cone or flower shaped Lilies
Gnocchi Round in shape and often made with flour plus potatoes From the Italian gnocco, meaning “a knot in wood”
Gramigna Short, curled lengths of pasta Scutch-grass; more generically, “infesting weed”
Lanterne Curved ridges Lantern holders
Lumache Snail-shaped From lumaca, meaning snail
Lumaconi Jumbo lumache Large snails
Maltagliati Flat roughly cut triangles Badly cut
Mandala Designed by Philippe Starck in 1987 for French pasta-maker Panzani Design based on compensating for overcooking
Marille Designed by Giorgetto Guigiaro in 1983 – like a rolling ocean wave in cross-section with internal rugosities, but unsuccessful and no longer produced From mare, meaning “sea”
Orecchiette Bowl or ear shaped pasta Little ears
Pipe Larger version of macaroni Smoking pipes
Quadrefiore Square with rippled edges Flower quadrants
Radiatore Shaped like radiators Radiator
Ricciolini Short wide pasta with a 90-degree twist From riccio, curly
Ricciutelle Short spiraled pasta From riccio, curly
Rotelle Wagon wheel-shaped pasta Little wheels (from ruota-wheel)
Rotini 2-edged spiral, tightly wound. Some vendors and brands are 3-edged and sold as rotini
Spirali A tube which spirals round Spirals
Spiralini More tightly-coiled fusilli Little spirals
Strangolapreti Rolled across their width Priest-chokers or priest-stranglers
Torchio Torch-shaped Winepress
Trofie Thin twisted pasta
Tubular Pasta
Name Description Translation
Bucatini Hollow spaghetti Little holes
Calamarata Wide ring shaped pasta Squid (also known as “calamari”)
Calamaretti Smaller Calamarata
Cannelloni Large stuffable tubes Big pipes or reeds
Cavatappi Corkscrew-shaped macaroni Corkscrews; also known as Cellentani and Spirali
Cellentani Corkscrew-shaped tube
Chifferi Short and wide macaroni
Ditalini Short tubes, like elbows but shorter and without a bend Small fingers
Fideua Short and thin tubes
Gomito Maccheroni Bent tubes Elbow macaroni
Elicoidali Slightly ribbed tube pasta; the ribs are corked as opposed to those on rigatoni Helicoidal
Fagioloni Short narrow tube Little beans
Garganelli Square egg noodle rolled into a tube
Maccheroni As long as a little finger, usually striped
Maccheroncelli Hollow pencil-shaped pasta
Maltagliati Short wide pasta with diagonally cut ends Roughly cut
Manicotti Large ridged tubes that are stuffed Sleeves, from the Italian word manica
Mezzani Pasta Short curved tube From Mezzo meaning half-size
Mezze Penne Short version of penne Half-pens
Mezze Bombardoni Short, wide tubes Half bombards
Mostaccioli Sometimes mistakenly used as another name for Penne, Mostaccioli differ in that they do not have ridges. Mostaccioli are also called Penne Lisce or “smooth penne” Mustaches
Paccheri Large tube
Pasta al Ceppo Shaped like a cinnamon stick
Penne Medium length tubes with ridges, cut diagonally at both ends Literally “pens” because the tip is similar to that of a quill, or fountain pen
Penne Rigate Penne with ridged sides
Penne Lisce Penne with smooth sides
Penne Zita Wider version of penne
Pennette Short thin version of penne
Pennoni Wider version of penne
Perciatelli Thicker bucatini From the verb Perciare meaning “Hollow inside”
Rigatoncini Smaller version of rigatoni
Rigatoni Large and slightly curved tube From riga, meaning line: rigatoni is pasta with lines (large). Rigato or rigate, when added to another pasta name means lined, or, with ridges added, as in “spaghetti rigati”
Sagne Incannulate Long tube formed of twisted ribbon
Trenne Penne shaped as a triangle
Trennette Smaller version of trenne
Tortiglioni Narrower rigatoni From the verb Torcere meaning “to twist.” Twisted, wringed
Tuffoli Ridged rigatoni
Ziti Long, narrow hose-like tubes
Zitoni Wider version of Ziti
Strand Pasta
Name Description Translation
Spaghettoni Thick spaghetti Thick little twine
Spaghetti Most common round-rod pasta Spago means twine, spaghetto means little twine, spaghetti is plural
Spaghettini Thin spaghetti Thin little twine
Fedelini Between spaghetti and vermicelli in size Little faithful ones
Vermicelloni Thick vermicelli Thick little worms
Vermicelli Thicker than capellini, thinner than fedelini Little worms
Capellini Thinner than vermicelli, thicker than angel hair Fine hair
Capellini d’angelo Thinnest round-rod pasta Angel hair
In order of thickest to thinnest.

Various Strand Pasta
Name Description Translation
Barbina Thin strands often coiled into nests Little beards
Spaghetti alla Chitarra Similar to spaghetti, except square rather than round, and made of egg in addition to flour Named after the device used to cut the pasta, which has a wooden frame strung with metal wires. Sheets of pasta are pressed down onto the device, and then the wires are “strummed” so that the slivers of pasta fall through
Ciriole Thicker version of chitarra
Fusilli Lunghi Very long coiled rods (like a thin telephone cord) Long rifles
Pici Very thick, long, hand rolled
Ribbon Pasta
Name Description Translation
Bavette Narrower version of tagliatelle Little thread
Bavettine Narrower version of bavette
Fettuce Wider version of fettuccine Ribbons
Fettuccine Ribbon of pasta approximately 6.5 millimeters wide Little ribbons
Fettucelle Narrower version of fettuccine
Lagane Wide noodles
Lasagne Very wide noodles that often have fluted edges Cooking pot
Lasagnette Narrower version of lasagne
Lasagnotte Longer version of lasagna
Linguettine Narrower version of linguine
Linguine Flattened spaghetti Little tongues
Mafalde Short rectangular ribbons
Mafaldine Long ribbons with ruffled sides
Pappardelle Thick flat ribbon
Pillus Very thin ribbons
Pizzoccheri Ribbon pasta made from buckwheat
Reginette Wide ribbon with rippled edges Little queens
Sagnarelli Rectangular ribbons with fluted edges
Sciatelli of Sciatelli Home-made long spaghetti with a twisted long spiral
Stringozzi Similar to shoelaces From stringhe, meaning shoestrings
Tagliatelle Ribbon fairly thinner than fettucine From “tagliare” – to cut
Taglierini Thinner version of Tagliatelle
Trenette Thin ribbon ridged on one side
Tripoline Thick ribbon ridged on one side
Micro Pasta
Name Description Translation
Acini di Pepe Bead-like pasta Peppercorns
Anelli Small rings of pasta Rings
Anellini Smaller version of Anelli Little rings
Conchigliette Small shell shaped pasta Little shells
Corallini Small short tubes of pasta Little corals
Ditali Small short tubes Thimbles
Ditalini Smaller version of Ditali Little thimbles
Farfalline Small bow tie shaped pasta Either bowties or little butterflies
Fideos Short thin pasta
Filini Smaller version of Fideos Thin threads; (from filo, meaning thread)
Fregula Bead-like pasta from Sardinia
Funghini Small mushroom shaped pasta Little mushrooms
Ochi di Pernice Very small rings of pasta Partridge’s eyes
Orzo Rice shaped pasta, also “Risoni” Barley
Pastina Small spheres about the same size or smaller than Acini di Pepe Little pasta
Pearl Pasta Spheres slightly larger than Acini di Pepe
Quadrettini Small flat squares of pasta Little squares
Risi Smaller version of Orzo Little rice
Seme di Melone Small seed shaped pasta Melon seeds
Stelle Small star-shaped pasta Stars
Stelline Smaller version of Stelle Little stars
Stortini Smaller version of elbow macaroni Little crooked ones
Trachana Granular, irregular shaped pasta of Greek origin
Stuffed Pasta
Name Description Translation
Agnolotti Semi-circular pockets; can be stuffed with ricotta or mix of cheese and meats or pureed vegetables Lambs’ ears
Cannelloni Oven cooked, stuffed rolls of pasta Big tubes
Casoncelli A semi-circular stuffed pasta, specifically associated with the style alla bergamasca, which is stuffed with a mixture of bread crumbs, egg, cheese, ground beef, salami, raisins, Amaretti biscuits, pear, and garlic
Fagottini A ‘purse’ or bundle of pasta, made from a round of dough gathered into a ball-shaped bundle, often stuffed with ricotta and fresh pear Little purses
Mezzelune Semi-circular pockets; about 2.5 in. diameter Half-moons
Occhi di Lupo A large, penne shaped pasta that is stuffed Eyes of the Wolf
Panzerotti Pasta made from eggs cheese and flour
Pelmeni Meat-filled dumplings, usually served in broth
Pierogi Dumplings filled with meat, vegetables, cheese or fruit
Ravioli Square. About 3x3cm. Stuffed with cheese, ground meat, pureed vegetables, or mixtures thereof Possibly from rapa, “turnip”
Sacchettini Little sacks
Tortellini Ring-shaped. Stuffed with a mixture of meat and cheese
Tortelloni Larger version of Tortellini
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