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Mastiff獒犬種類

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Mastiff獒犬種類

Postby admin » Tue May 12, 2015 4:02 pm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mastiff
The terms "Mastiff" and "molosser"[edit]
The terms "the mastiff group" and "the mastiffs" has been used synonymously with the term "molosser". As such, any molosser, including bulldogs, mountain dogs, pit bulls, and even small dogs such as the Boston terriers may be considered "mastiffs" in this broad sense.

However, the term is most commonly reserved for Dog breeds with the word "Mastiff" in their name including many of the largest of all dogs.

List of Mastiff breeds[edit]
Abruzzese Mastiff, from the Italian region of the Abruzzi
Alpine Mastiff, an extinct Swiss breed
American Mastiff, a breed originating in the United States
Bordeaux Mastiff, or French Mastiff, two alternative names for the Dogue de Bordeaux
Brazilian Mastiff, the Fila Brasileiro
Bullmastiff, a cross between Mastiff and Bulldog
Cuban Mastiff, or Dogo Cubano
Dutch Mastiff or Pug
English Mastiff
German Mastiff, better known as Great Dane
Italian Mastiff, better known as Cane Corso
Japanese Mastiff, the Tosa Inu
Korean Mastiff, also known as Dosa Gae[citation needed]
Kumaon Mastiff, a rare breed of dog originating in India
Neapolitan Mastiff or Italian Mastiff, a breed from Naples, Italy
Pakistani Mastiff, the Bully Kutta, from Punjab
Portuguese Mastiff or Alentejo Mastiff, alternative names for the Rafeiro do Alentejo, from Alentejo region of Portugal
Presa Canario Mastiff, from the Canary Islands (bred with English Mastiffs
Puerto Rican Mastiff, the Gran Mastín de Borínquen
Pyrenean Mastiff, a breed of the Spanish Pyrenees
South African Mastiff, the Boerboel
Spanish Mastiff
Tibetan Mastiff
Nature and History[edit]
Genetic research into the dog genome has thus far confirmed the common belief that the mastiffs share a common ancestor and form a coherent branch on the dog evolutionary tree within the molossers.[1] Historians trace the group to the Molossus, a dog bred by the Ancient Greeks.

Semantic overlap with other terms[edit]
As To the extent that Latinate words such as "Dogo" or "Dogge" may be translated as "Mastiff", molosser breeds such as the Dogo Argentino and Dogo Canario may also be considered "mastiffs". However, these terms may refer not only to breeds called "Mastiffs" in English, but also to Bulldogs and pit bulls. In addition, historical records of the development of these breeds shows that they have not only mastiff and other molosser ancestry, but also dogs from several other branches, including sighthounds, terriers, and scenthounds.
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